Observation - On the Western Conspiracy against Libya

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

The government of al-Siraj in Libya: executing the international custodianship and proceeding towards fragmentation or further security and political chaos in case of resistance.


Despite all the threats issued by the military forces loyal to the General National Congress (GNC) led by Nouri Bousahmin, stating that they are prepared to engage in a long-term war against all those who attempt to protect or give access to the "Unity Government" of Fayez al-Siraj, and despite the refusal of the parliament in Tobruk, led by Aguila Saleh and its interim government led by Abdullah al-Thani to vote for the Unity Government, in addition to the decision by the National Salvation Government, led by Khalifah al-Ghweil, to close the airspace several times to prevent the aircraft carrying the members of the Presidency Council coming from Tunis to land in Tripoli, Fayez al-Siraj and most of his governing team succeeded in entering Tripoli by sea on 30 March 2016. Hence, Libya now has three governments: the first claiming to dominate Tripoli and most of the Western areas, known as the "Salvation Government" led by Khalifah al-Ghweil; the second in Tobruk governing most of the areas in the east of the country and known as the "Interim Government" led by Abdullah al-Thani; and the third government that is known as the "Government of National Accord" (GNA) resulting from the al-Sukhayrat agreement in Morocco under the auspices of the United Nations and led by Fayez al-Siraj which entered Tripoli amid the rejection of the Salvation and the Interim governments but enjoys the substantial backing of the West.

After the Government of National Accord had entered Tripoli, the Salvation government - backed by Al-Fajr Libya Brigades - was expected to carry out its threats to stage a "comprehensive armed confrontation", for which the internationally-sponsored Fayez al-Siraj's government had declared it was ready stating that "the only option available for the Salvation Government is a safe exit instead of a battle that is not in its interest." Hence, how did the Government of National Accord succeed in entering Tripoli despite all the threats? What is the level of Western backing it enjoys? What was the reaction of its rivals in western and eastern Libya? What are the challenges that the Government of National Accord is facing? What are the scenarios the Kufr major powers have devised for Libya? And finally, what are the chances of the al-Siraj government in succeeding in the tasks assigned to it by the UN Mission, i.e. official broker of Western plans and interests?

First: The Events Surrounding the Entry of the Government of National Accord to Tripoli

Fayez al-Siraj and some members of the Presidency Council had attempted to enter Tripoli by air from Tunisia but the Salvation Government closed the airspace to prevent them from landing at the Mitiga airport. This prompted the decision-makers and protectors of the Government of National Accord to alter the security arrangements for al-Siraj's entry to Tripoli. An Italian frigate ferried al-Siraj and the rest of his cabinet team under heavy protection by French, US and British gunboats to the naval base of Boussetta in Tripoli in a scene akin to the entry of the collaborators to Baghdad aboard US tanks.

The question is: why did the Fajr Libya Forces and their allies not move to expel or apprehend the government of Fayez al-Siraj? The answer to this is that when Fayez al-Siraj and his cabinet arrived at the naval base of Boussetta, which they are currently using as their headquarters to run their affairs until a location is prepared for them in the city of Janzour, armoured vehicles and soldiers were securing the base against any potential attack. More importantly, the leaders of the Fajr Libya Brigades had received text messages on their mobiles, in Libyan dialect, warning them against approaching the Boussetta base and should they fail to comply, they would be subjected to heavy shelling by Apache helicopters which were deployed on Western frigates and very close to the scene of events.

Nevertheless, some clashes erupted in Omar al-Mokhtar Street, Tripoli, between the Deterrent Forces affiliated to Abdul Rahman al-Tawil, who supports Fayez al-Siraj's government, and the Resistance forces belonging to Saleh Badi which are affiliated to the Ghweil government. The Deterrent Brigade and the al-Nawasi Brigade had secured the areas close to the Boussetta naval base, such as al-Shatt Road, and dominated Martyrs' Square and the General Staff Headquarters (former Girls College), the Tuesday Market island and the surrounding areas. Once the locale of Fayez al-Siraj's government was secured by loyal brigades, as well as the airspace and the sea by Western forces, Fayez al-Siraj held a press conference in which he confirmed his arrival and gave his vision for the forthcoming phase.

The most important thing Fayez al-Siraj tried to convey is that he would work towards unifying the state's institutions and executing a bundle of pressing measures to alleviate the suffering of the citizens; that he would also work toward enforcing a ceasefire and unifying all the efforts to fight Daesh. He also claimed that he would abide by the political agreements, especially in respect of achieving national reconciliation and the return of the displaced and the expelled. He went on to say that his government could give all the parties concerned a host of guarantees including the implementing of Shari'ah and achieving the aims of the February revolution.

2- The Level of Western Backing to the Government of Fayez al-Siraj:

No sooner had the Government of National Accord set foot in the Boussetta base on 30 March and Fayez al-Siraj ended his press conference, than Western politicians rushed, on the same day, to release a flurry of statements supporting Fayez al-Siraj and his government which confirms emphatically that this government is sponsored by international powers. French foreign minister Jean Marc Ayrault hastened to announce that he was "delighted by this courageous decision"; he called on all the Libyan institutions to rally behind the new authorities. He added: "The Libyan national unity government can count on France's total support to face the challenges which it is confronted by and first and foremost the urgent necessity to end Daesh's advance." Italy for her part expressed, through her foreign minister Paolo Gentiloni, her "satisfaction" at the arrival of the Unity Government's Presidency Council to Tripoli. Gentiloni deemed it "another step forward for the stabilisation of Libya." He added: "Further progress is now possible for the Libyan people based on the determination of the premier Siraj and the presidential council" and reiterated "Italy has always been in the forefront with numerous diplomatic initiatives aiming at the stabilisation of Libya".

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